Lithium is a metal commonly used in batteries like the rechargeable ones found in laptops, cellphones, and electric cars as well as in pharmaceutical, electronics and other industrial and consumer applications.
Most Lithium is commercially produced from either the extraction of lithium-containing salts from underground brine reservoirs or the mining of lithium-containing rock, such as spodumene. Lithium production from clay sources is expected to become commercially available sometime in the next five years.
Much of the Lithium produced today is extracted from brine reservoirs called salars that are located in high-elevation areas of Chile, Argentina and Bolivia. In order to extract Lithium from brines, the salt-rich waters must first be pumped to the surface into a series of large evaporation ponds, where solar evaporation occurs over a number of months.
Potassium is often first harvested from early ponds, where later ponds have increasingly high concentrations of Lithium. Economical Lithium-source brines normally contain anywhere from a few hundred parts per million (ppm) of Lithium to upwards of 7,000 ppm.
When the Lithium Chloride in the evaporation ponds reaches an optimum concentration, the solution is pumped to a recovery plant, where extraction and filtering remove any unwanted Boron or Magnesium. It is then treated with Sodium Carbonate (Soda Ash), thereby precipitating Lithium Carbonate. The Lithium Carbonate is then filtered and dried.
Excess residual brines are then pumped back into the salar.Lithium Carbonate is stable white powder that is a key intermediary in the Lithium market, because in can be converted into specific industrial salts and chemicals, or processed into pure Lithium metal.
Lithium Ore (Rock or Powder) and Lithium Carbonate are used to produce Lithium, which is a critical component in:
Lithium is in high demand worldwide and global supply is expected to be limited.
Contact DimiLiaZone 14 for your lithium needs.